What is morbid obesity?
Morbid obesity is a severe and dangerous level of obesity that significantly and negatively impacts health and shortens the lifespan.
For a patient to be considered clinically severe, or morbidly obese, he or she must have a body mass index or BMI of 35–39.9 with one or more severe health conditions or a BMI of 40 or greater.
Why is morbid obesity more serious than obesity?
Many of the same conditions that result from obesity are also found in people who are morbidly obese. But in someone who is considered morbidly obese, these same conditions are a much more serious risk to health and quality of life in general. Some of the most common diseases include:
What causes morbid obesity?
Morbid obesity is caused by the interaction of many factors, but there are three main areas of concern:
Morbid obesity is deadly
Left untreated, morbid obesity in younger and middle aged men and women can significantly increase the risk of premature death. Morbidly obese people are more than 2 times more likely to die prematurely. And teens who are morbidly obese are estimated to live between 8 and 13 years less than their peers.
The good news
Morbidly obese patients gain the most from bariatric surgery. These are patients who have tried many other weight loss methods but have not succeeded in bringing and/or maintaining their weight within safe limits.